Blister on baby gums

Types: Fashion, Motors, Electronics, Sports & Leisure, Health & Beaut

No gum - Fantastic prices on No Gu

  1. While teething tends to be an exciting milestone for most families, when fluid leaks from the protective enclosure and accumulates between the tooth and gum tissues, your baby might end up with an ugly eruption cyst. These hematomas will appear dark red, brown, bluish-purple, or translucent and slightly swollen
  2. According to Seattle Children's Hospital, the first outbreak of the cold sore virus can be severe and usually occurs between ages 1 to 3. It can cause 10 or more fluid-filled blisters on the gums, tongue, and lips and can also appear on the outer lips or skin around the mouth. Fevers and difficulty swallowing can also occur
  3. Many parents worry when they find that their young child or baby has a bluish purple bump on their gums. This is a fairly common development and is known as an eruption cyst or eruption hematoma. For uniformity throughout the article, I will simply refer to them as eruption cysts. What Are Eruption Cysts

Treating a friction or suck blister on your baby's lip involves a two-pronged approach: establish a good latch and encourage healing. Tips to establish a good latch Tickle your baby's lip with your.. Gum blisters are fluid-filled pouches or sores that form along the tooth line in the mouth, often directly on or just under the area where the tooth's root sits. Sometimes these blisters are more or less harmless, as is the case when these pockets form in response to some sort of injury or trauma to the mouth Epstein pearls are very small cysts that can appear in a baby's mouth that look like tiny, white bumps. They were first described by Alois Epstein in 1880. They generally appear along a baby's gums or along the top of the roof of the mouth. They are seen in 60% to 85% of newborns. 1  An oral fibroma is the most common cause of tumorlike bumps on the gums. Fibromas are noncancerous lumps that form on irritated or injured gum tissue. When they happen on your gums, it's usually..

It's not unusual to suddenly find a blister in your mouth or on your gums. While they're annoying and slightly painful, they usually go away on their own. In some cases, however, they can be contagious and might pose a greater risk of infection. Finding out what has caused the blisters is key Hand foot and mouth disease which usually strikes the toddlers also causes mouth blisters in toddlers. Oral herpes or herpes simplex virus attack can cause small red color blisters on your toddler's tongue which become very painful. A fungal or bacterial infection can also cause appearance of blisters in your toddler's mouth A gumboil, blister, lump, pimple or white bump can be irritating especially if the blister on gums is filled with pus. A pimple on gums is more often caused by an infection on your gums. Gum abscesses are highly associated with pimple-like white bumps on gums. Most people experience these as symptoms of bone or tissue infection after root canal.

Brands: Silentnight, Swoon, Julian Bowe

Painful and swollen gums are typical of teething and the swelling and pain will usually go away once the tooth erupts. However, in certain instances, cysts or blisters on the gums might indicate that your infant is ill or has an infection. Contact your physician if you have questions about your infant's swollen gums. Resources for your journey.. Oral thrush causes white blisters on your baby's lips. The white patches are also inside the mouth on the tongue, cheeks, and roof of the mouth. They look like cottage cheese or milk and can. Baby lip blisters look like small bubbles on the skin of your baby's lips and may not be visible when the lips are closed. They generally appear as tiny bubbles on the cupid's bow or as a big band stretched across the lips. They are usually filled with a clear fluid. In some rare cases, they may also be filled with pus Learn how to treat mouth sores in babies. Moms, especially new moms need not panic when they see mouth blisters in the mouth of their babies. When you discover oral discomfort from your kid, when he/she rejects the food, especially spicy or acidic foods, then you should suspect that your child has oral sores Teething blisters (in babies) You may notice small blood blister on your baby's gums when they start teething. This happens as the new teeth cause a little bleeding under the gums and results in a red-colored blister. The website Parenting and Child Health reports that the blood blister should go away when the teeth come through

Baby Bouncer - Baby walkers - Baby Swing Chair

Blister on Gums no Pain Meaning When blisters occur on the gums, it can be an indicator of many different conditions. The blister can be felt as a bump even a hard or soft lump on any side of the gum. An infection, such as the bacterial infection or even localized abscess, may present as a mass on the gums Canker sore on gum is a known oral problem that can appear as a painful white gum blister. The outbreak of canker sores can affect gun line to develop white or gray bumps that finally develop into itchy white sores on the oral cavity. Gingivitis and periodontitis are painful gum diseases that develop from bacterial infection Hand-foot-and-mouth disease may cause all of the following signs and symptoms or just some of them. They include: Painful, red, blister-like lesions on the tongue, gums and inside of the cheeks. A red rash, without itching but sometimes with blistering, on the palms, soles and sometimes the buttocks Gingivostomatitis is a condition that may arise in toddlers or young children. It causes painful sores in the mouth area and is the result of the herpes simplex virus. If your child has sores, bleeding gums and a fever, they may have gingivostomatitis. This condition can be spread through saliva, sippy cups, eating utensils, and even shared toys

You may have noticed a small bruise or blood blister on your baby's gum. It can be a blue or red colour. This is called a teething blister or eruption cyst and may appear before your baby's tooth cuts through the gum (DHSV 2010). These blisters usually go away when the tooth appears and don't need any treatment (DHSV 2010). Don't be. Cold Sores (Fever Blisters). Sores are only found outside the mouth on the outer lip. They recur 2 or 3 times a year in the same place. There are no ulcers inside the mouth. Adult cold sores are the cause of Herpes Simplex infections in young children. Occurs in 20% of teens and adults. Mouth Injury Dr. Johanna Fricke answered. These are usually: sucking blisters, & they don't hurt the baby. If they are fluid-filled, a pediatrician needs to evaluate the baby to rule out an infectious diseas Read More. 90,000 U.S. doctors in 147 specialties are here to answer your questions or offer you advice, prescriptions, and more

More Sharkiness •• Some Blog Site

Blisters on newborn baby gum - Doctor answers on

  1. A deep, asymmetric (lower lip touches breast before upper lip) latch helps the breast sit further back in the mouth so the tongue can do the majority of the work, rather than the lips. This can decrease nipple pain and help the baby get more milk in a shorter amount of time. Prematurity: Premature babies aren't meant to be eating by mouth yet
  2. Coxsackie virus infection might also cause many small cold-like signs and blisters on the mouth, mouth gums, hands and feet. White spot on gum above tooth or around teeth. Pemphigus is a disease that leads to blisters on the skin and the sores on the mucus membranes of the body. Treatment for white patches, sores on gums
  3. ate the bacteria that cause the infection
  4. Mouth ulcers are painful sores that appear in the mouth. They are common in adults, children and babies with between 5%-10% of children and infants being affected. Although they are not unusual they can be distressing for both parents and child due to the pain and discomfort they cause
  5. ophen to relieve discomfort, but call your doctor if the baby develops any fever before two months old, or a fever greater than 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit or the fever persists in an older infant or child despite regular use.
  6. Many mouth problems do not go away on their own, and infection such as thrush could be transferred to your nipple and begin an endless cycle of being transferred back and forth between you and baby. Infections should be treated as soon as they show symptoms, so make sure you're one hundred percent sure that the problem is a nursing blister.

Sores at sides of baby mouth (12 Posts) Add message | Report. Pinklemonade16 Tue 13-Sep-16 11:32:52. Hi ladies was just wondering whether this is normal or shall I be worried? Just noticed my 6month old has like red sores on the corners of each side of her mouth. She is teething wondering whether it's something to do with that?. answers from Johnson City on June 30, 2008. Oral thrush usually only involves the inside of the mouth, from my understanding. If you have herpes simplex A, or he has been exposed to it, then the blisters outside of his mouth could be a cold sore. Often times, if our immune system is compromised-especially around the mouth, then you are more. 4 EXPERT ANSWERS. Blister-like spot on gums, after temp dental crowns. Something to expect or should I be calling the dentist? (Photo) I'm in the process of getting dental crowns on my front 8 teeth. I had my temporaries placed 5 days ago and my gums are still extreamly sore

The sores are small (about 1 to 5 millimeters in diameter), grayish or yellowish in the middle, and red around the edges. Their severity and location depend on which virus is causing the gingivostomatitis. Your baby may have sores on her gums (also called the gingiva), on the inside of her cheeks, in the back of her mouth, or on her tonsils. Talk to your doctor if your baby spits up with force and is not gaining weight. 7. Dealing with a Biting Baby. Just like a nursing blister on baby lip, it is common for some babies to test their gums and even teeth on your breast. Simply pulling your baby close to your breast will make them leave the nipple to breathe Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a common illness of infants and children. In infants, it starts with fever, fussiness, and poor appetite. Within 2-3 days, painful sores develop in the mouth. A skin rash can also develop shortly after appearance of the mouth sores, usually restricted to the hands and soles of the feet 38 years experience Dentistry. Many causes: There are many causes of mouth blisters such as cold sores caused by herpes simplex i virus:canker sore or aphthous ulcer which is caused by stress, h Read More. Send thanks to the doctor. A 49-year-old member asked Blleding gums blister in baby . Premium Questions. Suggest treatment for blister on gums . MD. swollen tonsils, feeling better. My issue is that overnight I had a dark or blood full blister appear on the inside on the zone between the inside of the gum & the left mouth wall. I would have loved to..

What You Need to Know about Blister on Gums - 7 Causes of

  1. Canker sores, also called mouth ulcers, are rare in babies. In fact, they're rare in children under 10, but it's possible that this is what's causing your baby's discomfort. A canker sore is a roundish white or yellow open sore surrounded by a red halo
  2. Cold sores also called fever blisters, this is a common viral infection that causes tiny fluid filled blister to appear around lips, inside of mouth and on gum in rare cases Tooth abscess or a dental abscess is an accumulation of pus that forms inside teeth or gum
  3. Poor dental hygiene causes gum disease. Accumulation of dirt in your mouth results to complications such as white spots in the gums which could be very painful. White Spots on Baby Gums Meaning. It is not only adults who show white spots or bumps on the gums. Babies are also affected with condition. In babies, the color ranges from white to.
  4. Coxsackie: Blisters on hands, feet, or mouth. It usually appears as flat patches, or slightly raised patches, with tiny red bumps scattered around the mouth and chin. For baby, rash around the mouth can be caused by drooling, pacifiers, allowing smeared food to remain too long on the face, or rubbing the face against parent's clothes..

Eruption Cysts in Teething Babies - Riverside Dental Grou

  1. Pemphigus is a group of disorders that cause blisters to form on the skin and inside the mouth, nose, throat, eyes, and genitals. They are soft and can break open easily. They are soft and can.
  2. Mouth blisters are sores on the lips, cheeks, tongue, or areas inside or around the mouth. They can be caused by dental work, an accidental bite from eating, irritation or injury, viral infections, or cancer of the mouth. A mouth blister is a sore on the lips, cheeks, tongue, or other soft areas inside or around the mouth
  3. Causes of Mouth Ulcers or Sores. Canker Sores. The main cause of 1 or 2 mouth ulcers after age 5. Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease. The most common cause of multiple ulcers in the mouth. These ulcers are mainly on the tongue and sides of the mouth. Most children also have small deep blisters on the palms and soles. Due to the Coxsackie virus
  4. Baby teething gel may relieve your baby's mouth blisters. Rub some gel on her gums, tongue and the insides of her cheeks where you can see sores. You can also try mouth ulcer gel, but speak to your pharmacist first about the best product for your baby (NHS 2018). Infant paracetamol or infant ibuprofen may help to relieve her pain and reduce.
Eruption Cysts - Baby Got Teeth?How to Know If Your Baby's Gums Are Swollen | LIVESTRONG

If it is a baby tooth, you may be able to leave it alone until it falls out. Canker Sores. Canker sores are small white or gray sores with a red border that appear your lips, the back of your throat or under your tongue. Their exact cause is uncertain but some suggest that immune system problems, bacteria or viruses may be play a role Sourced from Pinterest. They are commonly known as Fever blisters or cold sores (since they are associated with fevers and colds), but these lesions (the Rash) that appear around the lips and mouth, are actually as a result of a viral infection. The virus which causes them is known as the Herpes simplex virus (HSV) Mouth ulcers or canker sores are white spots surrounded by a reddish, inflamed area that appear on the lips and gums. They are painful and can make it very for you to talk and chew. If your child has canker sores, he must be in pain. And you must be looking for some remedies to soothe his pain Cold sores — which are also known as fever blisters or oral herpes — begin as small blisters or sores on or around a baby's lips and mouth, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) explains. Hand, foot and mouth disease is characterised by painful ulcers in the front of the mouth and small blisters on the hands and feet. Your child may also have a sore throat or mouth and a minor fever. This disease will heal by itself. Give fluids (mostly water) and soft foods to reduce discomfort

Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease | AA Pharmacy Malaysia

Toddler Mouth Sores: Causes And Treatment

Canker sores are white to yellowish open sores that appear inside the mouth — on the inner lips, gums, or tongue. They are the most common type of oral lesion, affecting up to 25% of the general. Pus pockets on gums or gum abscess occurs due to invasion and multiplication of bacteria within the gum pockets. This can occur due to any of the following factors: Any injury to the gums from foreign body, such as fishbone, toothbrush bristle or toothpick can lead to formation of pus pockets on gums. Any obstruction in the opening to a gum pocket There is a wide range of mouth sores that affect not just adults but toddlers, too. Mostly referred to as ulcers, these sores can be excruciating while causing total discomfort to your little one. The prevalent ones in kids below five years include cold and canker sores. Sometimes a mouth injury, food reaction, or dribble Read More »Sores on the Corner of My Baby's Mout Mouth ulcers usually look like round, white sores on the inner lining of your child's mouth, or on the surface of your child's gums or tongue. These sores can be painful, especially when your child eats salty or spicy foods. Sometimes your child might even refuse food until the ulcers start to heal. If an infection is causing the ulcers. Blisters on Tongue Toddler or Baby. Causes include: A virus that commonly affects infants and children named the Coxsackie virus causes Hand, Food and Mouth Disease (HFMD). HFMD is very infectious and causes fever, blisters in the mouth and may be associated with a skin rash

Miliaria. Miliaria affects about 15% of newborn babies in warm climates and is due to blockage (occlusion) of the sweat duct.If the occlusion is superficial, sweat collects just below the stratum corneum (dead cells on the skin surface) forming clear, thin-walled blisters (miliaria cristallina). Slightly deeper occlusion results in red papules and pustules (miliaria rubra or 'prickly heat') We do know that canker sores can be caused by a cut or injury inside the mouth, and if a baby or toddler is teething, they could accidentally bite the inside of their cheek in the process Mouth sores (or Gingivostomatitis) can be caused by viruses and other illnesses. Some mouth sores are caused by the herpes virus. It is not caused by sexual activity nor related to it. Mouth sores can last from 7 to 10 days. They should heal without leaving a scar Shingles blisters look like chickenpox, but they usually develop in a band on one side of the body. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease, another type of viral infection, most often occurs in young children. Symptoms include a rash of small sores or blisters that usually appear on the hands and feet and in the mouth

Cold sores — which are also known as fever blisters or oral herpes — begin as small blisters or sores on or around a baby's lips and mouth, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) explains. In some cases, they can also be found on a baby's chin, cheeks, and nose as well Pemphigus is a disease that causes blisters on the skin and sores on mucus membranes of the body. Thrush (adults) Thrush is a fungal infection in the mouth causing whitish patches on the tongue and inside the cheeks. Thermal burn of mouth or tongue. A thermal burn of the mouth or tongue can cause pain, blisters, peeling skin, and temporary loss. Rub the gel about 3 times a day directly onto the mouth sores. Parietaria: This can cure cheilitis naturally. Use a poultice made from the plant and apply it at night time. Rosehip oil: This is a magnificent moisturizer and healer. Apply a few drops 3 times a day. It's advisable to use it when the mouth sores have just broken out Blood blisters on the tongue of baby. Soreness in mouth and on the tongue of your infant can be worrying and scary. You probably have a child who has red bumps on the tongue and other areas of the mouth. Most infants during teething exert pressure on the gum and jaws. This process can cause physical injury to the tongue and mouth hence making.

Oil, water or milk - all three can be used in the treatment of mouth ulcers at home. Give coconut water to your baby or kids. The coconut milk when gargled gives immense results in soothing the mouth ulcers in older kids. In toddlers the coconut oil can be dabbed on the ulcer. Virgin coconut oil is proven to be the best remedy for mouth. White sore in mouth of a baby. White sores in the mouth of a baby are caused by forms of fungus called Candida. A small amount of this fungus lives in the mouth most of the time. It is usually kept in check by the immune system and other types of germs that also normally live in the mouth. However, when the immune system is weak, the fungus can. Cold sores are small, red blisters that can crop up in your baby's mouth, or on or near his lips. Despite their name, cold sores have nothing to do with colds. They are caused by the herpes simplex virus (HVA 2017). The herpes simplex virus is very common. Up to seven out of 10 adults carry it (HVA 2017)

Blisters on hands and feet plus mouth ulcers. Credit: Hand, Baby acne can appear within a month after birth but usually gets better after a few weeks or months. Washing your baby's face with water and a mild moisturiser can help. Do not use acne medicines intended for older children and adults Symptoms and Diagnosis of Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease. Symptoms of hand, foot, and mouth disease usually include fever, mouth sores, and skin rash commonly found on the hands, mouth, and/or feet. Hand, foot, and mouth disease is common in infants and children younger than 5 years old. Most children have mild symptoms for 7 to 10 days

A thermal burn of the mouth or tongue can cause pain, blisters, peeling skin, and temporary loss of taste. Canker sore symptoms begin with a tingling sensation, followed by a red bump that becomes an ulcer. Medication side effects include nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, weakness, dizziness, seizures, and more Cold sores (also called fever blisters) are a common problem in children. They usually appear outside the mouth. Cold sores often begin as 1 or a cluster of blisters, which then crust or scab over. They can spread through direct contact. If your child has cold sores, it's important to teach him or her how to keep from spreading them to others

The photo above is a standard presentation of a tooth abscess, also known as a gum boil or gumboil. It looks like a round, pus-filled pimple on the gums. In the photo above, the child recently fell and injured her two front teeth, and unfortunately, the teeth did not heal, and became non-vital (the tooth dies and no longer receives any. Read all 198 questions with answers, advice and tips about blisters in baby s mouth from moms' communities. Some of the advice from Moms is: Diaper Rash Dilema!!!, Breastfeeding and Formula, Breastfeeding Hel Herpes is the name of the virus which causes the infection. This is the same virus that causes cold sores on the face or lips. Signs and Symptoms: Your child may have sore open blisters and swelling of the lips, mouth, tongue, or hard palate. The hard palate is the front part of the roof of your child's mouth. He may have a high fever and feel. Because kids older than one have more robust immune systems, the symptoms of a first cold sore are annoying but almost always minor. Blisters may form on the mouth or gums, not just the lips. Your child may also have swollen or tender lymph glands, a sore throat, a mild fever and drooling. What is the treatment for cold sores

Eruption Cyst: A Purple Blue Bump on Your Baby's Gums

When Baby John was born, his parents learned he had EB. They had never heard of the disease. Now immersed in their own daily struggle and nightmare, they are all too familiar with the heartbreak that accompanies it: constant cries of pain, emerging blisters on the baby's face, head, chest, arms, hands, fingers, legs, feet, and toes, a lack of weight gain due to bloody mouth, tongue and gum. My son, 9 months old, developed clustered little blisters on his hands just while we were on holiday at the sea. I have tried to identify this and the closest picture I can get is the Herpes simplex virus However the HSV-1 virus in all instances on the web is not located on the hands What a Baby's First Tooth Looks Like. Here's a close-up of the image on the right, that shows the baby's tooth finally poking up through the gums: Take a look at Teething Baby Pictures to see more pictures of baby teeth coming in. Conclusion. It's important to keep in mind that the appearance of the gums isn't the only indication that. Your 2-year-old may have blisters on her tongue and the roof of her mouth. Bright red gums and fever are also signs of herpetic gingivostomatitis. Herpes labialis — the classic fever blister — is characterized by painful, watery blisters around the mouth and sometimes other parts of the face

Blister on Baby Lip: Causes, Treatments, and Mor

One of the characteristic signs of hand, foot, and mouth disease are painful red blisters on the inside of the baby's cheek. This is unpleasant and hard to see at first, but eventually parents will see it, especially as they begin to rule out other problems for baby's discomfort. Once the red blisters appear, it will take about eight to ten. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a virus that usually causes skin infections. There are two types of HSV: HSV type 1 usually causes small blisters on the mouth, eye or lips (cold sores) and HSV type 2 usually affects the genital area. HSV infection in newborn babies can be very severe and can even cause death Cold sores (also called fever blisters or oral herpes) start as small blisters that form around the lips and mouth. They sometimes appear on the chin, cheeks, and nose, too. After a few days, the blisters usually begin to ooze, then form a crust and heal completely in one to two weeks Mouth sores. After a day or two of fever, sores usually appear on the roof of the mouth, gums, tongue and inner lips. The sores often make eating and drinking difficult and may cause loss of appetite. Babies and toddlers may be extra fussy and refuse to nurse or drink from a bottle or cup because their mouth hurts. You might also notice more drool Sores are only found outside the mouth on the outer lip. They recur 2 or 3 times a year in the same place. There are no ulcers inside the mouth. Adult cold sores are the cause of Herpes Simplex infections in young children. Occurs in 20% of teens and adults. Mouth Injury. Common mouth injuries are biting the tongue or inside of the cheek

What are Gum Blisters? (with pictures

Coxsackie virus, also called hand, foot, and, mouth disease (HFMD), is a common illness of infants and children that is characterized by fever, sores in the mouth, and a rash with blisters. Blood blister in cheek and mouth of a toddler is normal unless it is caused by an infection or underlying medical condition such as moth cancer. It is actually normal to see blisters in mouth and cheek of a toddler as soon as teething occur. The blisters can appear as small random bruise on the baby's gum, lip and mouth Cold sores are a cluster of blisters that are formed on or around the lips. These happen due to a bacterial infection and the blisters appear all of a sudden. They are very painful and sometimes cover the whole mouth. Cold sores are one of the biggest reason for sore in the corner of the mouth. Denture Friction is the most common cause of water blisters on the toes. Wearing tight, loose shoes or brand new shoes, which cram your toes together too tightly, will cause blisters on the toes. If you have clawed or hammer toes, you're also more likely to get blisters as these conditions make the toe joints sit higher, often rubbing against the. Mouth cancer on your gums can sometimes be mistaken for gingivitis, a common gum inflammation. Some of the signs are similar, including bleeding gums. However, gum cancer symptoms also include white, red or dark patches on the gums, cracking gums, and thick areas on the gums. Gum cancer is often successfully treated if it is caught early

Epstein Pearls: Definition, Traits, Causes, Treatmen

Blood blisters in the mouth can be on the gum or tongue. They are very painful and make it very difficult to chew food properly. A blood blister can appear when you accidentally bite your lip from the inner side. Following are the common causes for blood blisters in mouth: 1. Injuries. Most of the times blood blisters in the mouth are caused. Sore throat, inflamed gums and canker sores Sore on left side of throat, looks like a canker sore sore throat and swollen gums White bump side of tongue - PAINFUL painful sores/blister on hands and feet Inflamed Sore Mouth after taking Adderall Sore throat, swollen tonsils, sores on lips inside my mouth, blisters on my tongue and swollen gums According to Healthline, you or your baby could be suffering from canker sores, especially if the white sores on the roof of your mouth are not painful. They may show some symptoms: middle of the canker sores may appear white, gray, or yellow, and the edges are red. White Patches on Gums in Mout

Dentistry and Oral Health BlogMottled Ski, Causes - Symptoms, Meaning, Pictures, inBaby Teething Mitten Glove - Highway Importers Online Shop

A lip blister is a fluid-filled bump. It has the appearance of a pimple raised from your skin surface. Blisters can appear anywhere on your body including the hands, feet, as well as the lips. A mouth blister can take a variety of sizes and texture, depending on what has caused it to appear. It can be due to exposure to heat, sustaining an. Symptoms include: swollen and irritated gums with small, painful sores in and around the mouth - this is known as herpes simplex gingivostomatitis. sore throat. and swollen glands. producing more saliva than normal. high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above Types of Sore in Mouth. Mouth sores are usually different depending on what caused them to occur. Mouth sores are usually not contagious and may go away within one or two weeks. However, large canker sores are usually very painful and may take a longer period of time to heal. The main types of mouth sores may include the following: 1. Minor ulce Cold sores, also referred to as fever blisters are clusters of small pus-filled blisters that can occur inside or outside your mouth, i.e., we can have them inside the cheeks or under the tongue, on the outer or inner lips, on the roof on the mouth and so o